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Proclamation on National Sanctity of Human Life Day, 2021 by Donald J. Trump

 

Every human life is a gift to the world.  Whether born or unborn, young or old, healthy or sick, every person is made in the holy image of God.  The Almighty Creator gives unique talents, beautiful dreams, and a great purpose to every person.  On National Sanctity of Human Life Day, we celebrate the wonder of human existence and renew our resolve to build a culture of life where every person of every age is protected, valued, and cherished. 

This month, we mark nearly 50 years since the United States Supreme Court’s Roe v. Wade decision.  This constitutionally flawed ruling overturned State laws that banned abortion, and has resulted in the loss of more than 50 million innocent lives.  But strong mothers, courageous students, and incredible community members and people of faith are leading a powerful movement to awaken America’s conscience and restore the belief that every life is worthy of respect, protection, and care.  Because of the devotion of countless pro-life pioneers, the call for every person to recognize the sanctity of life is resounding more loudly in America than ever before.  Over the last decade, the rate of abortions has steadily decreased, and today, more than three out of every four Americans support restrictions on abortion.

Since my first day in office, I have taken historic action to protect innocent lives at home and abroad.  I reinstituted and strengthened President Ronald Reagan’s Mexico City Policy, issued a landmark pro-life rule to govern the use of Title Ten taxpayer funding, and took action to protect the conscience rights of doctors, nurses, and organizations like the Little Sisters of the Poor.  My Administration has protected the vital role of faith-based adoption.  At the United Nations, I made clear that global bureaucrats have no business attacking the sovereignty of nations that protect innocent life.  Just a few months ago, our Nation also joined 32 other countries in signing the Geneva Consensus Declaration, which bolsters global efforts to provide better healthcare to women, protect all human life, and strengthen families.

As a Nation, restoring a culture of respect for the sacredness of life is fundamental to solving our country’s most pressing problems.  When each person is treated as a beloved child of God, individuals can reach their full potential, communities will flourish, and America will be a place of even greater hope and freedom.  That is why it was my profound privilege to be the first President in history to attend the March for Life, and it is what motives my actions to improve our Nation’s adoption and foster care system, secure more funding for Down syndrome research, and expand health services for single mothers.  Over the past 4 years, I have appointed more than 200 Federal judges who apply the Constitution as written, including three Supreme Court Justices — Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh, and Amy Coney Barrett.  I also increased the child tax credit, so that mothers are financially supported as they take on the noble task of raising strong and healthy children.  And, recently, I signed an Executive Order on Protecting Vulnerable Newborn and Infant Children, which defends the truth that every newborn baby has the same rights as all other individuals to receive life-saving care.

The United States is a shining example of human rights for the world.  However, some in Washington are fighting to keep the United States among a small handful of nations — including North Korea and China — that allow elective abortions after 20 weeks.  I join with countless others who believe this is morally and fundamentally wrong, and today, I renew my call on the Congress to pass legislation prohibiting late-term abortion.

Since the beginning, my Administration has been dedicated to lifting up every American, and that starts with protecting the rights of the most vulnerable in our society — the unborn.  On National Sanctity of Human Life Day, we promise to continue speaking out for those who have no voice.  We vow to celebrate and support every heroic mother who chooses life.  And we resolve to defend the lives of every innocent and unborn child, each of whom can bring unbelievable love, joy, beauty, and grace into our Nation and the entire world.

NOW, THEREFORE, I, DONALD J. TRUMP, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim January 22, 2021, as National Sanctity of Human Life Day.  Today, I call on the Congress to join me in protecting and defending the dignity of every human life, including those not yet born.  I call on the American people to continue to care for women in unexpected pregnancies and to support adoption and foster care in a more meaningful way, so every child can have a loving home.  And finally, I ask every citizen of this great Nation to listen to the sound of silence caused by a generation lost to us, and then to raise their voices for all affected by abortion, both seen and unseen.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventeenth day of January, in the year of our Lord two thousand twenty-one, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-fifth.

DONALD J. TRUMP

Christmas Under Fire by Dr. Peter Hammond

 

Massachusetts Citizens Deserve Fair Elections By Kathy Lynch

Massachusetts Citizens Deserve Fair Elections

By Kathy Lynch

Republican State Committeewoman

Westford, Lowell, Tyngsboro, Pepperell, Groton, and Dunstable

 Some people claim that Joe Biden won the 2020 Presidential election while others claim Trump won in a landslide. The truth of the matter is, until all legal votes are counted and certified, in all states, we will not be able to claim a legal winner. Battleground states of Nevada, Arizona, Michigan, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Georgia, are being contested and are not yet certified.

 One thing is certain, though. This election has brought election integrity to the forefront. Attorney Sydney Powell has compiled a long and growing list of evidence of voter fraud at https://hereistheevidence.com. In a television interview, she equated the amount of evidence coming forth like “drinking from a firehose.”

 Examples of voter fraud include fraudulent voter registrations, deceased voters, ballots cast in the name of others without consent, ballots mailed without request, counting ballots more than once, ballots magically appearing in new-found boxes, and so much more. 

 Now is the time to fix this appalling situation or never trust an election again!

How can we fix this? Here is a start:

  1. Reserve mail-in voting only in rare circumstances such as for overseas military who cannot vote in person. Offering mail-in voting to the masses will, as we have seen, increase voter fraud.
  2. Require voter ID. This should be a no-brainer. By doing so, you ensure one citizen, one vote. For those rare mail-in votes, signatures should be verified.
  3. Don’t make it easier for illegal immigrants to vote through slippery-slope legislation like drivers’ licenses for illegal immigrants.
  4. Increase the number of poll workers and watchers, with all political parties represented.
  5. Use paper ballots instead of electronic ballots. Voting systems like Dominion have been proven to be programmable or hackable to favor certain candidates.

 While we await the final election results for the 2020 Presidential Race, let us take this opportunity to investigate and ensure that all future elections will be conducted with fair election procedures, as listed above, that produce honest results we can trust. 

 Now is the time to connect with fellow citizens who want fair elections. Email ElectionIntegrityNow@protonmail.com. Visit and Like https://www.facebook.com/ElectionIntegrityNow for events, articles, photos and commentary.

 Our lives are greatly affected by laws made by our elected leaders. Let us make sure that those leaders are the ones we truly elect through fair and honest elections. 

Action Alert: Where Does the “Roe Act’ Stand by C.J Williams of Mass Citizens for Life

 

ACTION ALERT: Where does the “ROE ACT” stand?

Th House and Senate have rejected Governor Baker's  recommendations; the state budget will be returned to Baker's desk for approval or veto soon.

Governor Baker must veto the so-called “ROE” amendment, and we must encourage state representatives to vote to uphold his veto.

Please call Gov. Baker thanking him and reiterating that you fully support his veto of this bill until the “ROE” Act language is removed.

617-725-4005

If the governor vetoes the amendment, it will go back for an override vote only to the House of Representatives, where the amendment originated. While messages from constituents will make the largest impact, we need ALL Massachusetts citizens to continue to email and call the state representatives on the below list

 –Even if you are not in the district of these representatives, your voice matters–

  • Use cell phone numbers, if available.
  • If voice mail boxes are full, send a text message to the representative.
  • These representatives need to hear from you, because they are not radically pro-abortion and are most likely to hear your common sense opposition to this unconscionable anti-life piece of legislation.

Find the full list of state representatives below. Please thoughtfully review the details so that you can better make a personal connection with your lawmakers. 

Thank you, and keep on standing up, speaking out, and holding the breach for our most vulnerable!

C.J. Williams, Director of Community Engagement
http://www.masscitizensforlife.org/


Rep Marcos Devers – (617) 722-2020, marcos.devers@mahouse.gov

16th Essex: Lawrence: Ward A: Precincts 2, 4,Ward B, Ward C: Precinct 4, Ward E: Precincts 2, 3, 4, Ward F: Precinct 2, 3, 4

16 Woodland St, Lawrence MA 01841

Cell: (978)590-2594

  • Married since 1986 has four children
  • Endorsed by Democrats for life in 2014

Rep Edward Coppinger – (617) 722-2080, Edward.Coppinger@mahouse.gov

10th Suffolk: Boston: Ward 20: Precincts 1, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, Brookline: Precincts 14, 15, 16

227 Manthorne Rd, West Roxbury, MA 02132-1338

Cell: (617)519-1874

  • Went to Catholic Memorial High School
  • Married with three children
  • Endorsed by Democrats for life in 2014

Rep John Lawn – (617) 722-2460, John.Lawn@mahouse.gov

10th Middlesex: Newton: Ward 1: Precincts 1,4, Ward 4: Precinct 2, Ward 5: Precinct 1, Ward 6: Precinct 2, Ward 7: Precinct 2, Wards 8, 9, Watertown: Precincts 10, 11, 12

20 Pilgrim Rd, Watertown, MA 02472-2228

Cell: (617)515-7647

  • Married with five children
  • Went to St. Patrick’s High School in Watertown

Rep Steven Ultrino – (617) 722-2460, Steven.Ultrino@mahouse.gov

33rd Middlesex: Malden: Ward 2, Ward 3: Precinct 1, Ward 4, Ward 5: Precinct 1, Ward 6

39 Adams St, Malden, MA 02148-6412

Cell: (781)820-1056

  • Went to and taught at Malden Catholic
  • President of the St. Rocco Society of Malden
  • School Principal and Business Manager, St. Mary’s Parish in Winchester

Rep Frank Moran – (617) 722-2582, Frank.Moran@mahouse.gov

17th Essex – Andover: Precincts 2, 3, 4, Lawrence: Ward C, Precincts 1, 2, 3, Ward D, Ward E, Precinct 1, Methuen: Precinct 2

38 Dartmouth St, Lawrence, MA 01841-3250

Cell: (978)884-6375

  • Married with two children

Rep William Driscoll – (617) 722-2460, William.Driscoll@mahouse.gov

7th Norfolk – Milton: Precincts 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, Randolph: Precincts 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10

625 Adams St, Milton, MA 02186-5602

Cell: (617)922-3344

  • Married with young children
  • Went to St. Agatha School, BC High, Boston College
  • Received BC High St. Ignatius Award
    • The St. Ignatius Award is the highest honor bestowed on a graduate of BC High, acknowledging those who have exemplified the ideals of our school through high moral character and selfless service to the community. Overall, BC High has recognized more than 80 distinguished alumni with this prestigious honor.

Rep Daniel Cullinane – (617) 722-2430, Daniel.Cullinane@mahouse.gov

12th Suffolk – Milton: Precincts 1 and 2, Boston: Ward 16: Precincts: 8 and 11, Ward 17: Precincts: 4, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14, Ward 18: Precincts: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 21

6 Jo Anne Ter, Dorchester Center, MA 02124-5241

Cell: (617)872-5138

  • Married with two children
  • Attended Providence College
  • From his website: My parents, Bob and Elaine Cullinane of Dorchester – a union leader and a Boston public school secretary – are my foundation. They gave me a life of opportunities far too few children are given. At four-months old, they adopted me. I know how easily I could have been one of the thousands of children navigating foster care, dependent on social services, without a family or home to call my own. Yet, through their love, courage, and sacrifice, I went from being an orphan with an uncertain future to being a son with a loving home and every opportunity for a better life. I was given a chance.
  • From his website: The last three years have been very special for Emily and I. In 2017, we were blessed to welcome our first child, William, into the world. In 2019, we welcomed our precious daughter, Isabel, into our family. Together they have brought us more joy than we could have ever imagined and have changed our lives in so many special ways.

Rep Daniel Cahill – (617) 722-2460, Daniel.Cahill@mahouse.gov

10th Essex – Lynn Ward 1: Precincts 3,4, Ward 2, Ward 3: Precincts 1,2,3, Ward 4: Precincts 1,2, Ward 5: Precincts 1,2, Ward 5: Precincts 2, 3

20 Belleaire Ave, Lynn, MA 01904-2102

Cell: (617) 817-3294

  • Married with 2 children

Rep Dan Donahue  – (617) 722-2014, Daniel.Donahue@mahouse.gov

16th Worcester – Worcester: Ward 5: Precincts: 1, 2, 4 and 5, Ward 6, Ward 8: Precincts: 1, 4, and 5

9 Malmo St, Worcester, MA 01607-1318

Cell: N/A

  • Went to St. Mary’s Elementary School, St. John’s High School, and College of the Holy Cross

Rep Bruce Ayers  – (617) 722-2230, Bruce.Ayers@mahouse.gov

1st Norfolk – Quincy: Ward 3: Precincts 4, 5, Ward 3: Precincts 4, 5,Ward 5: Precinct 2, Ward 6, Randolph: Precincts 5, 6, 11, 12
45 Williams St, Quincy, MA 02171-1834

Cell: (617)699-8048

  • Endorsed by Democrats for life in 2020

Rep John Mahoney  – (617) 722-2130, John.Mahoney@mahouse.gov

13th Worcester – Worcester: Ward 1: Precincts 1, 2, 3, 4, Ward 3: Precinct 2, Ward 9, Ward 10: Precinct

138 Newton Ave N, Worcester, MA 01609-1404

Cell: (508) 579-0054

  • Married with four children

Rep Jerald Parisella – (617) 722-2240, Jerald.Parisella@mahouse.gov

6th Essex – Beverly

14 Red Rock Ln, Beverly, MA 01915-1229

Cell: (978)807-2999

  • Married with two children

Rep James Kelcourse – (617) 722-2130, james.kelcourse@mahouse.gov

1st Essex – Amesbury, Newburyport, Salisbury

50 Monroe St, Amesbury, MA 01913-3215

Cell: (978)590-7673

  • Married with two children
  • Villanova Alumn

Rep Thomas Petrolati – (617) 722-2575, Thomas.Petrolati@mahouse.gov

7th Hampden – Chicopee: Ward 6: Precinct B, Ludlow, Springfield: Ward 8: Precincts E, F, G, Belchertown: Precincts B, C, D

106 Stevens St, Ludlow, MA 01056-3620

Cell: (413)537-8500

  • In April 1996 Petrolati helped Thomas Finneran build a coalition of Republicans and conservative Democrats to defeat House Majority Leader Richard A. Voke for the speakership

Rep Thomas Golden – (617) 722-2263, Thomas.Golden@mahouse.gov

16th Middlesex – Chelmsford: Precincts 2, 3, 6, Lowell: Wards 5, 6, 9

24 Munroe St, Lowell, MA 01850-2205

Cell: (978)590-4941

  • Married with two children
  • Endorsed by Dems for Life

Rep James Arciero – (617) 722-2012, James.Arciero@mahouse.gov

2nd Middlesex – Chelmsford: Precincts 5, 7, 8, Littleton, Westford

29 E Prescott St, Westford, MA 01886-2355

Cell: (978)496-6266

  • Eagle Scout
  • Endorsed by Dems for Life

Rep Stephan Hay – (617) 722-2220, Stephan.Hay@mahouse.gov

3rd Worcester – Fitchburg, Lunenburg: Precinct B

30 Shawna St, Fitchburg, MA 01420-369

Cell: (978)235-1968

  • Married with two children
  • Director First Parish Housing Fitchburg INC

Rep Richard Haggerty – (617) 722-2090, richard.haggerty@mahouse.gov,

30th Middlesex – Reading: Precincts 2, 3, 4, 5, Woburn: Wards 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

160 Winn St, Woburn, MA 01801-2825

Cell: (781)264-1307

  • Married

Rep Jose Tosado – (617) 722-2060, Jose.Tosado@mahouse.gov

9th Hampden – Chicopee: Ward 5: Precinct A, Springfield: Ward 2: Precincts A, B, C, D, F, G, Ward 5: Precincts C, D, G, H, Ward 7: Precincts F, H, Ward 8: Precincts A, B, D, H

22 Birch Glen Rd, Springfield, MA 01119-2102

Cell: (413)478-6423

  • Married with three children
  • Veteran
  • 2014 news clip – “As a native of Puerto Rico, Tosado understands the special concerns of Latinos and will bring that voice to Beacon Hill.”

Rep Ronald Mariano – (617) 722-2300, Ronald.Mariano@mahouse.gov

3rd Norfolk – Holbrook: Precincts 2, 3, 4, Quincy: Ward 2, Ward 4: Precinct 5, Weymouth: Precincts 5, 6, 9, 12, 16

200 Falls Blvd, Unit F301,Quincy, MA 02169-8195

Cell: (857)526-6161

  • Married

Rep. Patrick Kearny – (617) 722-2014, patrick.kearney@mahouse.gov

4th Plymouth – Marshfield; Scituate: Precincts 1, 2, 4, 5, 6

18 Lighthouse Rd, Scituate, MA 02066-3515

Cell: (781)820-2031 (?)

  • Went to BC High
  • Comes from large Irish family
  • From his website: Patrick has a unique perspective on service, leadership, and engagement. He values the commitment of  family, hard work, and community which his parents and grandparents have always emphasized.

 

 


Massachusetts Citizens for Life · 529 Main St, Suite 205, Boston, MA 02129, United States
This email was sent to campconstitution1@gmail.com. To stop receiving emails, click here.


Contact us: 617-242-4199 | cj@masscitizensforlife.org

The ASSASSINATION of GENERAL GEORGE PATTON by Dr. Peter Hammond

December is the anniversary of the death of General Patton. The first American home that I stayed in, back in 1988, was that of General Ben Partin (U.S. Air Force). General Partin was the scientist who developed lasers, cluster bombs, cruise missiles and other precision-guided weapons. He was the first person who told me about the assassination of General George Patton. Over the years I have discovered even more shocking facts from military and historic sources on the incredible life and intriguing conspiracy to assassinate U.S. Army General George Patton. “Hate evil, love good: maintain Justice in the courts.” Amos 5:15

Military Upbringing
General George S. Patton, Junior, was born 11th November 1885. His Homeschooling concentrated on classical literature. Later he went to Virginia Military Academy and a year later was admitted to United States Military Academy at West Point, entering in 1904. Apart from his athletic achievements, he was a member of the riding, fencing, rifle and track teams. In 1909, he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in the 15th Cavalry Regiment.

Olympic Athlete
In 1912, George Patton represented the United States in Pentathlon, in the Olympic Games, in Stockholm, Sweden. The Pentathlon included 5 classic military skills: horse riding, running, swimming, marksmanship and fencing. In fencing, he came first, in riding, third and he rated overall 5th of the 43 international contestants.

Cavalry Officer
After touring Europe, he returned to the U.S.A. as a Weapons Instructor at the Cavalry School. He designed a new sabre, which was adopted for service.

Mexican War
In 1916, he was posted to Texas and took part in the Mexican War as aide-de-camp to General Pershing. It is at this time that Patton began to wear two revolvers on his belt. On 14th May 1916, he encountered three mounted bandits and shot two of them dead. Patton returned to HQ with their bodies draped across the bonnet of his car. One of the dead bandits turned out to be General Cardenas, Chief of Pancho Villa’s bodyguard.

The Great War
In May 1917, Patton sailed to France in command of Pershing’s Head Quarters detachment. Requesting a transfer to a combat post, Patton was assigned by Pershing to establish the tank corp. The U.S. did not have any tanks at this time and it was Lieutenant Patton who obtained the first two-man Renault tanks from the French, learnt to operate them and trained other Americans in this new martial art. When Patton accepted the posting, he did not join the Tank Corp, he was the Tank Corp. Overcoming tremendous logistical complications and now a Major, Patton managed to field 144 Renault tanks in the Battle of Saint-Mihiel, September 1918. He was wounded in action and hospitalised for the last days of the war.

Learning from Rommel
Between the war years, Patton continued to pioneer Tank Warfare in the U.S. Army. General Patton thought so highly of Field Marshall Erwin Rommel, that he kept a copy of Rommel’s book on Infantry Tactics near his bedside for nighttime reading.

Ferocious and Controversial
General George S. Patton was recognised as the most ferocious General on the Allied side. Known as the man who had never lost a battle, the hero of North Africa and Sicily, Patton was temporarily relieved of command for slapping two uninjured privates convalescing in military hospitals.

Sicily
After distinguishing himself in North Africa, he engaged in a contest against his arch-rival, British General Bernard Law Montgomery. In the race across Sicily to be the first to take Messina, Patton took dangerous tactical chances and pushed his men to the limit. Visiting a field hospital in the crags of Sicily’s central highlands, he went from stretcher to stretcher, encouraging the wounded soldiers being treated. He then encountered a Private Charles Kuhl, who was sitting, apparently, uninjured, on a stool.

The Slapping Incident
“Why are you here?”, the General demanded. “I guess I can’t take it, Sir.” The General was furious. “You coward!” he bellowed. “Leave this tent at once!” As Kuhl remained motionless, the General slapped him hard across the face with his gloves. He then lifted the man off the stool by the collar of his uniform and shoved him towards the exit and kicked him in the rear. “You hear me, you yellow bastard, you are going back to the front!”

Cowards are Not to be Tolerated
In his Journal, Patton wrote: “If men shirk their duty, they should be tried for cowardice and shot.” Two days later, the General wrote a Memo to each of his commanders, ordering them not to allow men suffering from “so-called combat fatigue” to receive medical care. “Such men are cowards and bring disgrace to their comrades, whom they heartlessly leave to endure the dangers of battle, while they themselves use the hospital as a means of escape. You will see that such cases are not sent to the hospital.”

Shell Shock
On 10th August 1943, Patton encountered a 21-year old, Private Paul Bennett, who was shaking from convulsions and in tears, but apparently uninjured, in a field hospital. “It’s my nerves, Sir, I can’t stand the shelling anymore.” Patton roared: “Your nerves! Hell! You are just a God-damned coward!” As Bennett began sobbing the General slapped him. “Shut-up! I won’t have these brave men here who have been shot, see a yellow-bastard sitting here crying!” As the General hit him again, Bennett’s helmet fell to the floor. “You are a disgrace to the Army and you are going back to the front to fight. You ought to be lined up against the wall and shot. In fact, I ought to shoot you right now.” Patton pulled out his ivory-handled revolver from its holster, with his right hand, as he back-handed Bennett across the face. The medical staff rushed in to intervene and usher the private out of the tent for his own safety.

Media Campaign Against Patton
When word reached General Eisenhower, he wrote a stern rebuke to General Patton who personally apologised to both soldiers and to the medical staff who had witnessed his actions. A media campaign in the U.S.A. led to such public outrage, that the American Congress called for Patton’s immediate dismissal, despite his tremendous achievements on the battlefield. Patton wrote in his journal: “It is sad and shocking to think that victory and the lives of thousands of men are pawns to the writings of a group of unprincipled reporters and weak-kneed congressman, but so it is.”

Wild Bill Donavan and the OSS
American President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, turned to one of his classmates from Columbia Law School, Wild Bill Donovan, to establish the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), which became the precursor to the CIA. The OSS did the dirty work of assassinations on FDR’s instructions. Donovan ensured that Tito’s Communist partisans waging guerrilla warfare in Yugoslavia received lavish quantities of American tanks, trucks and jeeps, hundreds of tonnes of armaments and ammunition, landmines and heavy machine guns. This undercover battle, led by Donovan and the OSS, ensured that Eastern Europe fell into the hands of the Soviet Union. General Walter Bedell Smith, wrote to Winston Churchill that Donovan was “out of control” with “a predilection for political intrigue”. Donovan reported only to the president of the United States. FDR authorised Donovan to set up the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

Supporting Communist Subversion, Terrorism and Revolutions
Donovan had no moral, or ethical, qualms about dealing with communists. He channelled millions of Dollars to the Chinese communists of Mao Tse Tung, to fight against America’s official ally, Nationalist China, under General Chiang Kai-Shek. Donovan operated a secret slush fund provided by Congress and its War Agencies Appropriations Act 1944. Donovan spent it any way he liked, without any regard to oversight, or legality. The money was meant to cover his far-flung spy and sabotage operations throughout Europe and Asia. Under the authority of FDR, Wild Bill ordered many political assassinations.

The Stop Order
General Dwight Eisenhower ordered the 4 million Allied soldiers in Germany to halt on the West bank of the Elbe River, 60 miles short of Berlin, to enable the Red Army to seize the German capital. General Patton was seized with fury: “Some of our leaders are just damn fools who have no idea of Russian history. Hell, I doubt if they even knew that Russia, just less than 100 years ago, owned Finland, sucked the blood out of Poland and were using Siberia as a prison for their own people. How Stalin must have sneered when he got through with them at all those phony conferences.”

Freedom Betrayed
“Letting the Russians take Berlin is folly” declared Patton, “We should push on as far to the East as possible. We shouldn’t stop before Moscow.” The Soviets maintained a strangle-hold on Eastern Europe for 45 years. Millions of civilian refugees fleeing towards the American lines were turned back at bayonet point. Millions ended up as slave labour in Soviet Concentration camps.

Spitfire Attack
On 17th April, Patton’s single-engine L5 Sentinel propeller plane was attacked head-on, by a Spitfire bearing British Royal Air Force markings. Despite Patton’s L5 being an unarmed American staff plane with American markings, the Spitfire fired the whole nine yards, tracers flying past the sides of Patton’s aircraft as his pilot took evasive action. During the maneuvers, the British fighter plane crashed into the ground. The General was nagged by a question: Was this Spitfire attack an accident? Or a deliberate assassination attempt?

The Only Language they Understand
Patton wrote: “Let’s keep our boots polished, bayonets sharpened and present a picture of force and strength to the Soviets. This is the only language they understand and respect. If you fail to do this, then I would say to you that we have lost the war.”

The Soviet Threat
Even British Field Marshall Montgomery agreed with Patton’s assessment and ordered his troops to stack the Wehrmacht rifles in such a way that they could be easily redistributed should the British and Germans need to defend themselves against a Soviet attack.

Stalin’s Order
Army Intelligence warned General Patton that his life was in danger from the NKVD. Marshall Stalin had ordered Patton to be assassinated.

Against the Slave Labour Policy
General Patton opposed the official American Policy of forcing millions of former German soldiers to be sent to be slave labour in Russia. “These men should be used to rebuild their own country”, Patton insisted. The entire country had been bombed into rubble. The roads, bridges and plumbing systems all needed to be rebuilt. 63 cities in Germany had been bombed into rubble and multiplied millions of people were without homes. “The Germans are the only decent people left in Europe. It is a choice between them and the Russians. I prefer the Germans”, he insisted.

High-Level Enemies
General Marshall ordered that Patton’s phones be tapped and requested a psychoanalyst, from the Navy’s Medical Corp, to observe General Patton. Eisenhower wrote scathingly of Patton, regarding him as a “loose cannon” because of how he distrusted the Soviets. Wild Bill Donovan, who had travelled in and out of Moscow and had direct access to Marshall Stalin, loathed Patton. The OSS and NKVD exchanged information, helping one another in espionage projects, including spying on General Patton.

Double Agent
OSS agent, Duncan Lee, was assigned to spy on General Patton when he was military governor of the U.S. occupation zone in Southern Germany, providing regular reports on Patton’s movements and recordings of wiretaps of his phone and office. Duncan Lee was a double agent, also working for the Soviet spy agency, the NKVD. Duncan Lee had provided the Soviets with advance warning of the D-Day landings date and the exact location of the atomic bomb research in the U.S.

The Defector
On 16 May, Ukrainian Nationalist Leader, Stepan Bandera, defected to the Americans and informed Stephen Skubik, of the U.S. Army Counter Intelligence Corp, that “Soviet High Command has been ordered by Marshall Stalin to kill U.S. Army General George Patton.” Rather than being shocked by Skubik’s news, Donovan ordered Bandera returned to the Russians, thereby silencing the man who was warning about an attempt on General Patton’s life!

Warning from Ukraine
Ukrainian Diplomat Professor Roman Smal-Stocki said that “The NKVD will soon attempt to kill General George Patton. Stalin wants him dead.” Professor Smal-Stocki was expelled by the Americans from Germany and sent back to the NKVD in Russia.

Top of the Hit List of the NKVD
Ukrainian General Pavlo Shandruk informed Special Agent Skubik, that he had vital intelligence. “Please tell General Patton to be on guard. He is at the top of the NKVD list to be killed.” The Americans betrayed General Shandruk into the hands of the NKVD to be killed.

Operation Keelhaul
In Berlin, Patton learned that more than 20,000 American prisoners of war who fell into Russian hands at the end of the war, were being used as leverage in negotiations with the Allies to ensure that all 3 million Russians, Ukrainians and other East Europeans in Western Europe be forced across the border into Soviet hands. This included women and children. The Russians denied the Americans and British access to the Prisoner of War Camps, where their own men were being held and the Allied governments suppressed the information that their men were being held hostage by their “ally” Marshall Stalin. All 3 million Russians and Ukrainians in Western Europe were betrayed in to the hands of the Soviets.

The Real Enemy
General Patton insulted Soviet Marshall Zhukov. Patton publicly stated that the Soviets were the real enemy. Patton became convinced that the only way he could speak freely about these issues was to retire from the military “So that I can go home and say what I have to say.” Patton saw his battlefield as changing. He was still a warrior but now the podium and the pen would be his main weapons to expose the treachery of the U.S. government and the danger of their Soviet allies.

Freedom Betrayed
With 18 divisions and more than half a million men, the Third Army was the largest U.S. fighting force in history. Patton was convinced that he could have freed all of Eastern Europe, if Eisenhower had not halted his supplies and fuel.

Recognising Reality
At the end of World War II, America’s top military leader, combat General George Patton, accurately assessed the shift in the balance of world power which that war had produced and foresaw the enormous danger of communist aggression against the West. Several months before the end of the war, General Patton recognized the fearful danger to the West posed by the Soviet Union and he disagreed bitterly with the orders which he had been given to hold back his army and wait for the Red Army to occupy vast stretches of German, Czech, Rumanian, Hungarian, Bulgarian and Yugoslav territory, which the Americans could have easily taken instead. Alone among U.S. leaders, General George Patton warned that America should act immediately, while her supremacy was unchallengeable, to end that danger. Unfortunately, his warning went unheeded and he was quickly silenced by a convenient “accident” which took his life.

Military Governor
Seventy years ago, in the terrible summer of 1945, the U.S. Army had just completed the destruction of Germany and had set up a government of military occupation amid the ruins to rule the starving Germans and deal out victors’ justice to the vanquished. General George S. Patton, commander of the U.S. Third Army, became military governor of the greater portion of the American occupation zone of Germany.

Apprehensions for the Future
It was only in the final days of the war and during his tenure as military governor of Germany – after he had gotten to know both the Germans and America’s “gallant Soviet allies” – that Patton’s understanding of the true situation grew and his opinions changed. In his diary and in many letters to his family, friends, various military colleagues and government officials, he expressed his new understanding and his apprehensions for the future.

The Patton Papers
His diary and his letters were published in 1974 by the Houghton Mifflin Company under the title The Patton Papers:

Soviet Aggression
On 7th May 1945, just before the German capitulation, Patton had a conference in Austria with U.S. Secretary of War, Robert Patterson. Patton was gravely concerned over the Soviet failure to respect the demarcation lines separating the Soviet and American occupation zones.

Demobilisation
He was also alarmed by plans in Washington for the immediate partial demobilization of the U.S. Army. Patton said to Patterson: “Let’s keep our boots polished, bayonets sharpened and present a picture of force and strength to the Red Army. This is the only language they understand and respect.”

Patterson replied, “Oh, George, you have been so close to this thing so long, you have lost sight of the big picture.”

Patton rejoined: “I understand the situation. Their (the Soviet) supply system is inadequate to maintain them in a serious action such as I could put to them. They have chickens in the coop and cattle on the hoof – that’s their supply system. They could probably maintain themselves in the type of fighting I could give them for five days. After that, it would make no difference how many million men they have and if you wanted Moscow, I could give it to you. They lived on the land coming down. There is insufficient left for them to maintain themselves going back. Let’s not give them time to build up their supplies. If we do, then… we have had a victory over the Germans and disarmed them, but we have failed in the liberation of Europe; we have lost the war!

A Clear and Present Danger
Patton’s urgent and prophetic advice went unheeded by Patterson and the other politicians and only served to give warning about Patton’s feelings to the alien conspirators behind the scenes in New York, Washington and Moscow. The more he saw of the Soviets, the stronger Patton’s conviction grew that the proper course of action would be to stifle communism then and there, while the opportunity existed.

Severe and Savage
Later in May 1945, he attended several meetings and social affairs with top Red Army officers and he evaluated them carefully. He noted in his diary on May 14: “I have never seen in any army at any time, including the German Imperial Army of 1912, as severe discipline as exists in the Russian army. The officers, with few exceptions, give the appearance of recently civilized Mongolian bandits.”

A Cruel Enemy
Patton’s aide, General Hobart Gay, noted in his own journal for 14th May: “Everything they (the Russians) did impressed one with the idea of virility and cruelty.” Nevertheless, Patton knew that the Americans could defeat the Soviets then – but perhaps not later.

The Sooner the Better
On 18th May, Patton noted in his diary: “In my opinion, the American Army as it now exists could beat the Russians with the greatest of ease, because, while the Russians have good infantry, they are lacking in artillery, air, tanks and in the knowledge of the use of the combined arms, whereas we excel in all three of these. If it should be necessary to fight the Russians, the sooner we do it the better.” Two days later he repeated his concern when he wrote his wife: “If we have to fight them, now is the time. From now on we will get weaker and they stronger.”

Pre-emptive Strike
Having recognized the Soviet danger, Patton urged a course of action which would have freed all of Eastern Europe from the communist yoke with the expenditure of far less American blood than was spilled in Korea and Vietnam and would have obviated both those later wars.

“He who justifies the wicked and he who condemns the just, both of them alike are an abomination to the Lord.” Proverbs 17:15

Media Propaganda
One of the strongest factors in transforming General Patton’s thinking on the conquered Germans was the behaviour of America’s controlled news media toward them. At a press conference in Regensburg, Germany, on 8th May 1945, immediately after Germany’s surrender, Patton was asked whether he planned to treat captured SS troops differently from other German POW’s. His answer was: “No. SS means no more in Germany than being a Democrat in America… there is no reason for trying someone who was drafted into this outfit…”

Persecution
Similarly, he expressed his doubts to his military colleagues about the overwhelming emphasis being placed on the persecution of every German who had formerly been a member of the National Socialist party. In a letter to his wife of 14th September 1945, he said: “I am frankly opposed to this war criminal stuff. It is not cricket… I am also opposed to sending POW’s to work as slaves in foreign lands (i.e. the Soviet Union’s GULAGs), where many will be starved to death.”

Betraying Freedom
Despite his disagreement with official policy, Patton followed the rules laid down by Morgenthau and others back in Washington as closely as his conscience would allow, but he tried to moderate the effect and this brought him into increasing conflict with Eisenhower and the other politically ambitious generals. In another letter to his wife, he commented: “I have been at Frankfurt for a civil government conference. If what we are doing (to the Germans) is ‘Liberty’, then ‘give me death.’ I can’t see how Americans can sink so low! “

Supporting Slavery
In his diary, he noted: “We are also turning over to the French several hundred thousand prisoners of war to be used as slave labour in France. It is amusing to recall that we fought the Revolution in defense of the rights of man and the Civil War to abolish slavery and have now gone back on both principles!”

“It is an abomination for kings to commit wickedness, for a throne is established by righteousness.” Proverbs 16:12

We Fought the Wrong Enemy
His duties as military governor took Patton to all parts of Germany and intimately acquainted him with the German people and their condition. He could not help but compare them with the French, the Italians, the Belgians and even the British. This comparison gradually forced him to the conclusion that World War II had been fought against the wrong people.

Soviet Savages
After a visit to ruined Berlin, he wrote to his wife on 21st July 1945: “Berlin gave me the blues. We have destroyed a good race and we are about to replace them with Mongolian savages. All Europe will be communist. It’s said that for the first week after they took it (Berlin), all women who ran were shot and those who did not were raped. I could have taken it (instead of the Soviets) had I been allowed.”

“…Should you help the wicked and love those who hate the Lord? Therefore, the wrath of the Lord is upon you.” 2 Chronicles 19:2

Supporting the Communist Cause
This conviction, that the politicians had used him and the U.S. Army for a criminal purpose, grew in the following weeks. During a dinner with French General Alphonse Juin in August, Patton was surprised to find the Frenchman in agreement with him. His diary entry for 18th August quotes Gen. Juin: “It is indeed unfortunate, mon General, that the English and the Americans have destroyed in Europe the only sound country – and I do not mean France. Therefore, the road is now open for the advent of Russian communism.”

The Germans Are Not Our Enemy
Later diary entries and letters to his wife reiterate this same conclusion. On 31st August, he wrote: “Actually, the Germans are the only decent people left in Europe. It’s a choice between them and the Russians. I prefer the Germans.” On 2nd September: “What we are doing is to destroy the only modern state in Europe, so that Russia can swallow the whole.”

Hate Campaign Against Patton
By this time the Morgenthauists and media monopolists had decided that Patton was incorrigible and must be discredited. So, they began a non-stop character assassination campaigns against him in the press, accusing him of being “soft on Nazis” and continually recalling an incident in which he had slapped a shirker two years previously, during the Sicily campaign. A New York newspaper printed the false claim that when Patton had slapped the soldier, who was Jewish, he had called him a “yellow-bellied Jew.”

Provoking Patton
Then, in a press conference on 22nd September, reporters hatched a scheme to needle Patton into losing his temper and making statements which could be used against him. The press interpreted one of Patton’s answers to their insistent questions as to why he was not pressing the Nazi-hunt hard enough as: “The Nazi thing is just like a Democrat-Republican fight.” The New York Times headlined this quote and other papers all across America picked it up.

Character Assassins
The unmistakable hatred which had been directed at Patton during this press conference confirmed what was happening. In his diary that night he wrote: “They are trying to do two things: first, implement communism and second, see that all businessmen of German ancestry and non-Jewish antecedents are thrown out of their jobs. They have utterly lost the Anglo-Saxon conception of justice and feel that a man can be kicked out because somebody else says he is a Nazi. They were evidently quite shocked when I told them I would kick nobody out without the successful proof of guilt before a court of law…”

Germany is Our Natural Ally
“Another point which the press harped on was the fact that we were doing too much for the Germans to the detriment of the DP’s.  I could not give the answer to that one, because the answer is that, in my opinion and that of most non-political officers, it is vitally necessary for us to build Germany up now as a buffer state against Russia. In fact, I am afraid we have waited too long.”

America is in Danger
In a letter of the same date to his wife: “I will probably be in the headlines before you get this, as the press is trying to quote me as being more interested in restoring order in Germany than in catching Nazis. I can’t tell them the truth that unless we restore Germany, we will ensure that communism takes America.”

Relieved of Command
Eisenhower responded immediately to the press outcry against Patton and made the decision to relieve him of his duties as military governor and appoint him commander of the Fifteenth Army, a non-existent command with no forces. In a letter to his wife on 29th September, Patton indicated that he was, in a way, not unhappy with his new assignment, because “I would like it much better than being a sort of executioner to the best race in Europe.”

Degradation and Demoralisation
On 22nd October he wrote a long letter to Maj. Gen. James G. Harbord, who was back in the States. In the letter, Patton bitterly condemned the Morgenthau policy; “Eisenhower’s pusillanimous behaviour in the face of  demands”; the strong pro-Soviet bias in the press; and the politicization, corruption, degradation and the demoralization of the U.S. Army.

An Avalanche of Lies
He saw the demoralization of the Army as a deliberate goal of America’s enemies: “I have been just as furious as you at the compilation of lies which the communist  elements of our government have levelled against me and practically every other commander.

A New Offensive
“In my opinion, it is a deliberate attempt to alienate the soldier vote from the commanders, because the communists know that soldiers are not communistic and they fear what eleven million votes (of veterans) would do.” In his letter to General Harbord, Patton also revealed his own plans to fight those who were destroying the morale and integrity of the Army and endangering America’s future by not opposing the growing Soviet might: “It is my present thought… that when I finish this job, which will be around the first of the year, I shall resign, not retire, because if I retire I will still have a gag in my mouth… I should not start a limited counterattack, which would be contrary to my military theories, but should wait until I can start an all-out offensive…”

Intentional Collision
The collision on 9th December 1945, occurred when a two and a half ton GMC Army truck, which had been parked facing the Generals car, roared into life and violently collided with the General’s staff car, by suddenly and inexplicably careening directly into the opposite lane and into Patton’s vehicle. The actions of the truck driver seemed designed to intentionally injure, or kill, the General. Both the driver of the truck and his two passengers quickly vanished. No criminal charges were ever filed. No accountability was ever recorded. The official accident reports and key-witnesses went missing.

“And you shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free.” John 8:32

Suspicious Cover Up
Despite General Patton’s rank and fame as America’s most audacious and successful combat general, there was no formal inquest and all official reports on the incident vanished. The MP who first arrived on the scene of the car accident, Lieutenant Peter Babalas, treated the incident like a fender bender. Although Patton’s driver testified that the truck driver and his passengers were drunk, Sergeant Robert Thompson’s blood levels were never tested and he was never charged with driving under the influence. Thompson’s illegal possession of the Signals company truck also went unquestioned, despite the fact that he was 60 miles North of his duty station, with no apparent reason for being in Mannheim. Thompson’s drunkenness, negligence and apparent larceny went unquestioned.

Inconsistencies
Numerous investigators and authors have attempted to find the official Accident Reports, unsuccessfully. Sergeant Robert Thompson and his two friends who were responsible for ploughing the truck into Patton’s car were flown to England by Army Intelligence. However, just four days after the collision, Thompson mysteriously reappeared in Germany where he spoke to American journalist, Howard Smith, claiming that he was alone in the truck when it struck Patton’s vehicle. However, General Hobart Gay and PFC Horace Woodring swear there were two other people in the truck with Thompson.

The Testimony of Patton’s Driver
PFC Horace Woodring, a 19-year-old son of a dairy farmer in Kentucky, grew up racing cars and flying stunt planes. Patton spoke highly of him as his trusted driver. Woodring was driving just 20 miles per hour when Robert Thompson swerved the military truck hard to the left, driving his vehicle directly into the path of Patton’s Cadillac. As there was no turning on the road in the direction, he was pointing the heavy army truck and as he did not signal before taking action, the action seemed deliberate. Woodring testified “I was not more than 20 feet from the truck when he began to turn.” Thompson made no attempt to break, instead, he accelerated directly into the Cadillac.

Paralysed
General Patton was flung forward from his back seat, his head slamming violently into the steel partition behind Woodring’s drivers’ compartment. His nose broke and he felt a sharp pain in the back of his neck and no sensation in his lower body. Instantly George Patton knew that he was paralysed. He was the only person injured in the collision. General Patton was paralysed in the vehicle collision on 9th December 1945 at 11:45 am. He arrived at the U.S. Army 130th station hospital at 12:43 pm.

Inaction
There was no medical staff waiting at the hospital to rush Patton into surgery. No team of spinal specialists assembled to deal with this life-threatening traumatic injury.

Hope of Recovery
Two days later his wife, Beatrice and a spinal cord specialist arrived to be at his side. The doctors were confident that the General would survive his injuries and might be able to regain some mobility. They were also convinced that he would be able to travel soon. General Patton urged his wife to get him out of the hospital: “They are going to kill me here!” he said to her emphatically.

Sudden Death
However, he did not recover and on 21st December 1945, General Patton’s body was wheeled down to the makeshift morgue in the hospital basement and it was announced to the journalists that had descended on the tiny military hospital, that General George Patton had died.

No Autopsy
There was no autopsy and although Beatrice wanted him buried at West Point, the Army insisted that he be buried at the American Military Cemetery in Hamm, Luxemburg. Neither General Dwight Eisenhower, nor President Harry Truman, attended the military funeral for General George Patton, America’s most famous and successful combat General.

Many Enemies
General Patton had made many high-ranking enemies in Moscow, Berlin, London and Washington D.C.: Patton’s fiery determination to speak the truth had made many powerful men squirm, not only during the war, but afterward. His public statements praising the German Army for their matchless skills as fighting men, while criticizing the Soviet Union as the real enemy of freedom led some to see Patton as a threat to the New World Order.

“While they promise them liberty, they themselves are slaves of corruption….” 2 Peter 2:19

Air Attack
From the beginning, many did not believe that Patton’s death was accidental. He had already survived several remarkable accidents, including when his personal aircraft had almost been shot down by British Spitfire in April 1945.

Destruction of Evidence
Sergeant Robert Thompson’s military records were burned on 12th July 1973, when fire swept through the National Personnel Records Centre in St. Louis, Missouri, destroying 18 million official military personnel files. Lieutenant Babala’s accident report also vanished.

Mystery of the Missing Files
A 1953 request for a copy of the report received the official response noting Report of Investigation is not on file. Casualty branch has no papers on file regarding the accident and there is no information on the accident in Patton’s Aide, General Hobart Gay’s, personnel file. The report organised by General Geoffrey Keys, Commander of the 7th Army, also went missing.

Fabricated Document
In fact, the only report that remained in circulation was a document allegedly written in 1952 and signed by P.F.C. Horace Woodring, Patton’s driver. However, when asked about it, in 1979, Woodring swore that he had never made any such statement, or signed his name, to any such report. He believed the paperwork was fabricated.

False Exhibit
The vehicle on display at the Patton Museum at Fort Knox, Kentucky, has been proven to not be the vehicle in which General Patton was driving on that fateful day and the serial number has been scratched out!
“Woe to those who call evil good and good evil… Who justify the wicked for a bribe and take away justice from the righteous man!” Isaiah 5:20-23

Target Patton
In 1979, OSS Agent, Major Douglas Bazata, asserted that he had been part of a hit team that was tasked to assassinate General Patton. He had fired a low-velocity projectile into the back of the General’s neck, in order to snap it and cause him paralysis. When Patton failed to die and was showing signs of recovery, he was murdered in the hospital by Soviet NKVD agents. Bazata swore that Wild Bill Donavan (the head of the Officers Secret Service – OSS) paid him $10,000 plus another $800 in expenses, for his role in Patton’s death.

Prominent Assassin
Douglas Bazata, who left the Army as a Major in 1947, had been awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, 4 Purple Hearts and France’s Croix de Guerre, with two palms. He was later hired to work for the U.S. government as Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Navy. OSS Agent, Douglas Bazata later wrote of his meeting at Claridges Hotel, in London, with Wild Bill Donovan: “Douglas, I do indeed have a problem, it is the extreme disobedience of General George Patton and of his very serious disregard of orders for the common cause.” “Shall I kill him Sir?” Bazata asked. “Yes, Douglas, you do exactly what you must.” Later William Colby, a former OSS agent who went on to become head of the Central Intelligence Agency, praised Bazata in his 1978 book, Honourable Men. Some have come to recognise General Patton as the first casualty of the Cold War. Patton’s insights and convictions were considered a threat to the New World Order.

“Hate evil, love good; establish justice in the gate…” Amos 5:15

Dr. Peter Hammond
Frontline Fellowship
P.O. Box 74 Newlands 7725
Cape Town South Africa
mission@frontline.org.za
www.FrontlineMissionSA.org

Slight, beneficial warming from more carbon dioxide! by David Wojick, Ph.D.

Exhaustive study finds more CO2 and water molecules will not cause dangerous warming

David Wojick, Ph.D.

Precision research by physicists William Happer and Willem van Wijngaarden has determined that the current levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide and water vapor are “saturated.” In radiation physics that means adding more CO2 or water molecules will bring modest warming that will benefit plant growth, and thus all life on Earth. More CO2 and H2O will not cause dangerous warming.

From this point forward, emissions from burning fossil fuels will bring little additional global warming, and what does occur will improve forests, grasslands and agriculture. There is no climate emergency.

This finding is astounding, paradigm shattering, contrary to what alarmist scientists have told us for decades. Scientifically, it resolves a huge uncertainty that has plagued climate science for over a century: How should saturation be measured, and what is its extent regarding the primary greenhouse gases?

Just as “the greenhouse effect” is nothing akin to how greenhouses work, in radiation physics “saturation” is nothing like the simple, everyday concept of saturation. Your paper towel is saturated when it won’t pick up any more spilled milk. Greenhouse gases are saturated when adding more water, methane or carbon dioxide molecules has no significant further effects on planetary warming and climate.

Dr. Happer is known as a leading skeptic of “dangerous human-caused climate change.” He co-founded the prestigious CO2 Coalition and served on the National Security Council, advising President Trump. But his career has been as a world-class radiation physicist at Princeton. Dr. van Wijngaarden teaches and conducts research in pure and applied physics at York University in Canada. Happer’s numerous peer-reviewed journal articles have collectively garnered over 12,000 citations by other researchers.

In their study, Professors Happer and van Wijngaarden (H&W) analyzed saturation physics in painstaking detail. Their preprint, “Dependence of Earth’s Thermal Radiation on Five Most Abundant Greenhouse Gases,” goes far beyond any work done previously on this complex problem.

To begin with, standard studies examine the absorption of solar radiation by greenhouse molecules using crude absorption bands of radiation energy. H&W go far beyond this, to analyze the millions of distinct energies, called spectral lines, that make up these bands. Their detailed line-by-line approach is an emerging field that often yields dramatically new results – and here contradict prevailing climate theory.

Moreover, H&W do not look only at absorption. As Dr. Happer explained it to me: First, thermal emission of greenhouse gases is just as important as absorption. Second, how the atmosphere’s temperature varies with altitude is just as important as its concentration of greenhouse gases.

The two physicists therefore looked hard, not just at absorption, but also at emissions and atmospheric temperature variation. The work is far more complex than I, most non-physicist scientists, and certainly most citizens and politicians can understand. However, the conclusions are simple and dramatically clear.

Happer and van Wijngaarden’s central conclusion is this: For the most abundant greenhouse gases, H2O and CO2, the saturation effects are extreme, with per-molecule forcing powers suppressed by four orders of magnitude at standard concentrations. (Forcing power means effects on atmospheric temperature.)

Their graphs are especially compelling: Figure 9 and Tables 2 and 4 show that, at current concentrations, the forcings from all greenhouse gases are saturated. The saturations of the most abundant greenhouse gases, H2O and CO2, mean the per-molecule forcing is weakened by a factor of 10,000.

The other greenhouse gases analyzed are ozone, nitrous oxide and methane. These are also nearly saturated, but not as completely as water vapor and carbon dioxide. They are also even less significant components of the atmosphere than CO2 (0.0415% or 415 ppm), which in turn is tiny compared to H2O (3% or less). At just 0.00019% methane truly has minuscule influence on climate.

The climate science community clearly needs to consider this work very carefully. This may not be easy since three major physics journals have refused to publish it. Their reviews have been defensive and antagonistic, instead of thoughtful, science-based or helpful. Climate alarmism seems to control these journals, and they tend to censor contrary findings. That’s why H&W released the preprint version.

Undaunted, H&W are now extending their analysis to include clouds. Alarmist climate science bases its “dangerous manmade” global warming, not on the CO2 increase alone, but also on incorporating positive water vapor and cloud feedbacks: emphasizing heat-trapping properties of clouds, while largely ignoring the degree to which clouds also block or reflect incoming solar radiation. Because carbon dioxide and water vapor are both saturated, it is highly unlikely that any positive cloud feedbacks can do much damage. However further careful analysis is needed to know this for sure. Stay tuned.

Meanwhile, America and the world are forced to ponder only “permissible” climate science – which is being used to justify demands that we eliminate the fossil fuels that provide 80% of all US and world energy, and replace that energy with enormous numbers of solar panels, wind turbines, batteries, new transmission lines … and mines to produce their raw materials … all with major environmental impacts.

“Permissible” climate science is also being used as the basis for computer models that purport to predict planetary warming and weather 50 to 100 years from now. The models have not gotten anything correct up to now, which is understandable since the physics on which they are based is so faulty.

The good news, says Science and Environmental Policy Project president Ken Haapala, is that humanity’s use of fossil fuels and addition of CO2 to the atmosphere are not causing a climate crisis. Cutting existing atmospheric CO2 levels in half would have little effect on climate – but would harm plant growth and the ability of forests, food crops and grasslands to survive droughts and other stress. “Carbon capture” (actually carbon dioxide capture) is of little value, and would just increase electricity prices.

As to climate “tipping points” – at which the Earth gets inexorably hotter, never to cool down – the very notion is laughable. Over the ages, our planet has swung back and forth from moderate to very warm periods; from ice ages and mile-high glaciers across half of North America and Europe to interglacial periods, like the one we are in now; from the Medieval warm period to the Little Ice Age, 1350-1810, Haapala notes. (The LIA was ending just about the time the fossil fuel and industrial era began.)

Put another way, because greenhouse gases are already saturated, there is no reason we should accept IPCC or other claims that planetary temperatures could rise more than 3.0 ͦ C (5.4ᵒ F) without compelling empirical evidence of strong atmospheric warming. That evidence is totally lacking in IPCC reports, and satellite measurements find no strong warming. Accepting alarmist claims is science denial.

In reality, according to atmospheric temperature trends measured by satellites and weather balloons, and tracked by the Earth System Science Center, University of Alabama-Huntsville, the warming trend is modest. Since January 1979, it has remained at +0.14ᵒC/decade (+0.12ᵒC/decade over the global-averaged oceans, and +0.18ᵒC/decade over global-averaged land areas). That’s just 0.25ᵒF per decade, or 2.5ᵒF per century – modest, beneficial warming; certainly nothing remotely catastrophic.

Some of that warming is likely to be manmade. But most of it is natural and not at all unprecedented.

Moreover, the atmospheric “hot spot” above the tropics predicted by climate models is nowhere to be found. Put another way, for carbon dioxide to have significant impacts on global temperatures, humanity would have to burn more fossil fuels than are known to exist on our planet, Haapala concludes.

It’s no wonder climate alarmists, computer modelers, Green New Deal proponents, and wind turbine, solar panel, battery and concrete salesmen want to silence Happer and van Wijngaarden – or at least keep their work out of scientific journals. It’s also not surprising that China is happy to see the H&W science suppressed: its companies will be the ones selling us turbines, panels and batteries. Follow the science!

David Wojick is an independent analyst specializing in science, logic and human rights in public policy, and author of numerous articles on these topics.

Camp Constitution Hosts “The Reason for the Season” Celebration at the Lane House Saturday December 19

     Camp Constitution is hosting “The Reason for the Season Celebration” at the Lane House 177 Waltham St. Lexington, MA. Saturday December 19. We will have a “potluck” luncheon, and then hear presentations on Washington’s Crossing of the Delaware, Camp Constitution 2020 and plans for 2021, and the Birth of our Savior.
     Parking is limited on the premises but plenty of parking a few blocks away. RSVPs requited,.  Please call Hal at (857) 498-1309 and let us know what food and/or drink you plan to bring.
   

George Washington’s 1789 Thanksgiving Proclamation

 

By the President of the United States of America, a Proclamation.

Whereas it is the duty of all Nations to acknowledge the providence of Almighty God, to obey his will, to be grateful for his benefits, and humbly to implore his protection and favor– and whereas both Houses of Congress have by their joint Committee requested me to recommend to the People of the United States a day of public thanksgiving and prayer to be observed by acknowledging with grateful hearts the many signal favors of Almighty God especially by affording them an opportunity peaceably to establish a form of government for their safety and happiness.

Now therefore I do recommend and assign Thursday the 26th day of November next to be devoted by the People of these States to the service of that great and glorious Being, who is the beneficent Author of all the good that was, that is, or that will be– That we may then all unite in rendering unto him our sincere and humble thanks–for his kind care and protection of the People of this Country previous to their becoming a Nation–for the signal and manifold mercies, and the favorable interpositions of his Providence which we experienced in the course and conclusion of the late war–for the great degree of tranquility, union, and plenty, which we have since enjoyed–for the peaceable and rational manner, in which we have been enabled to establish constitutions of government for our safety and happiness, and particularly the national One now lately instituted–for the civil and religious liberty with which we are blessed; and the means we have of acquiring and diffusing useful knowledge; and in general for all the great and various favors which he hath been pleased to confer upon us.

and also that we may then unite in most humbly offering our prayers and supplications to the great Lord and Ruler of Nations and beseech him to pardon our national and other transgressions– to enable us all, whether in public or private stations, to perform our several and relative duties properly and punctually–to render our national government a blessing to all the people, by constantly being a Government of wise, just, and constitutional laws, discreetly and faithfully executed and obeyed–to protect and guide all Sovereigns and Nations (especially such as have shewn kindness unto us) and to bless them with good government, peace, and concord–To promote the knowledge and practice of true religion and virtue, and the encrease of science among them and us–and generally to grant unto all Mankind such a degree of temporal prosperity as he alone knows to be best.

Given under my hand at the City of New York the third day of October in the year of our Lord 1789.

Go: Washington

Washington issued a proclamation on October 3, 1789, designating Thursday, November 26 as a national day of thanks. In his proclamation, Washington declared that the necessity for such a day sprung from the Almighty’s care of Americans prior to the Revolution, assistance to them in achieving independence, and help in establishing the constitutional government.

  Camp Constitution wishes all a Happy and Blessed Thanksgiving

http://www.campconstitution.net

 

 

The Pilgrims Weren’t Socialists They preferred individual responsibility by Andrew Lane

When next you sing the Hymn of Harvest Home, think kindly of our Pilgrim Fathers, for they were not “communists with a small c” nor any other kind of communists. Some conservative editors and commentators in recent years have given the impression that the Pilgrims were starry-eyed idealists intent upon founding a socialist utopia in the wilderness. One such editor, zealous to refute socialism, has written: “Socialism is not a new experiment in the United States. Neither is Communism. The Socialist community was tried by the Pilgrims in New England over three hundred years ago. The dream of the Pilgrims didn’t work, and the Mayflower Compact was a total failure.” That is nutshell history as spurious s as it is brief.  It misrepresents the purpose of the Pilgrims and the results of their heroic strivings. It derives from a superficial appraisal of a statement by Governor William Bradford and a partial reading of the copious records left by the literate Pilgrims. Stated in the simplest terms, and in their own language, the Pilgrims purposed to lay a good foundation for propagating and advancing the Gospel of the Kingdom of Christ in remote parts of the world

In order to make that possible, they sought financial backing from a group of venture capitalists in England. While in Holland, the Pilgrims gave much consideration to what part of the world they would settle and finally decided upon Northern Virginia, above Jamestown but below the Hudson River. Negotiations with a syndicate called the Merchants and Adventurers of London dragged on for three years.  Finally, in 1620, the Pilgrims wound up on the wrong end of a bad bargain. Socialism was never “the dream of the Pilgrims.” They needed no Adam Smith to spell out for them the merits of free enterprise and the necessity for individual responsibility. The business purpose of the expedition was to found a fishery. The Merchant Adventurers agreed to take care of the shipping and to fund the provisions. A contract was drawn up detailing the terms of the repayment and profit sharing, but when the Pilgrims arrived in England from Holland, they discovered the terms had been altered, much to their hurt. Sadly, “necessity having no law, the emigrants were constrained to be silent.”

There were three factions aboard the Mayflower: the Separatists or Saints from Leyden in Holland; the colonists from London, called “Strangers,” recruited by Thomas Watson, prime mover of the Merchants. Stated in simplest terms, the Pilgrims purposed to lay a good foundation for propagating and advancing the Gospel of the Kingdom of Christ in remote parts of the world. and Adventurers; and, the ship’s crew, who disliked both. The contingent of Separatists from Leyden had crossed from Holland to England in their small vessel misnamed the Speedwell. It was purchased to be used as transportation and for fishing in the new settlement. She proved a balky ship, heeling way over and soaking her passengers on the short trip. They were seasick and drenched when the Speedwell pulled into Southampton harbor and docked alongside the Mayflower with its complement of “Strangers” from London. The two groups, unknown to each other but bound together in a perilous undertaking, had only a short time to get acquainted before new problems cropped up.

Christopher Martin, a Puritan, had been named expedition treasurer. He could not get along with the Leyden agents, Deacons Robert Cushman and John Carver.  And they were having trouble getting along with each other. There was little cooperation in buying provisions and, as a result, the Mayflower was stocked with two tons of butter, hardly any guns, and little to use in trade with the Indians. Thomas Weston, the London adventurer, was denounced as a “bloodsucker” for changing the terms of his agreement and he stomped off to London when the Leyden leaders refused to sign the new agreements. He vowed the Pilgrims would not get another cent from the Merchants and Adventurers. That was a heavy blow because the Speedwell captain refused to sail until the vessel’s rigging was changed and that would cost money. Pleas for help were sent to Weston but he kept his word and sent the Pilgrims nothing. To clear port they had to sell some of their provisions, including most of their butter, leaving them short of supplies.

On August 15th the Mayflower and Speedwell put to sea with the passengers on the two ships totaling about 120. They sailed rapidly for two days before a stiff wind. Then the Speedwell, its captain said, became “open and leakie as a sieve.” The ships put back to Dartmouth where the Speedwell was dry-docked for nearly three weeks. The passengers on the Mayflower were so unhappy that Christopher Martin, acting as governor on that ship, refused to let anyone ashore for fear they would not return. Toward the end of August, Mayflower and Speedwell put to sea again. They were more than 300 miles out when the Speedwell reported it was leaking and “must bear up or sink at sea.” This time the ships put into Plymouth, England, where it was decided to go on without the Speedwell. The Mayflower would take as many passengers as it could, but 20 would have to be left behind. There were, by that time, plenty agreeable to do so, Deacon Cushman among them. On September 16th, the Mayflower set out alone. The Pilgrims had no Speedwell for fishing, they would arrive too late for planting, and they had few arms for hunting. Unless Thomas Weston relented there would be no future expedition with additional provisions and help. If they turned back, they would lose everything and be in worse poverty than ever. Saints and Strangers alike agreed to sail on and trust in God. There were 102 passengers aboard – 50 men, 20 women, and 32 children – with a crew of 40. Only 16 Leyden men had agreed to Weston’s new terms. With them were II wives and 19 children. The rest came from London except one from Southampton, the handsome, strapping 20- year-old John Alden, a barrel maker, hired on a one-year contract to teach the Pilgrims to pack their catches, and four sailors under similar contract to teach them to fish . Captain Christopher Jones set his course along the 42nd Parallel, a bearing that would carry him to Cape Cod where he intended to swing south to Northern Virginia territory, near the Hudson River. As week after boring week passed, tensions rose. The Saints and Strangers bickered at each other and the crewmen detested all. The crew cursed them with “greevous execrations” and their worst tormentor among the sailors said he expected to bury half of them at sea and “make merry with what they had.” When, later, he died in delirium the Saints looked on it as the “just hand of God upon him.”

Halfway across the ocean, the point of no return, the Mayflower ran into fierce equinoctial storms. In one, the main beam amidships parted. Captain Jones, fearful for the safety of his ship and crew, was about to turn back to England when Francis Eaton, a carpenter, located the jackscrew he had brought along to be used in house building. With a few turns of the screw the broken ends of the beam were forced into position, two strong timbers were added as props to hold it in place, and the ship was once again sound and on her way to Virginia. In another storm, John Howland sought relief from the fetid lower deck and was swept overboard. The ship happened to be trailing some halyards, which Howland grabbed and hung on to, although “he was sundrie fathoms under water.” Howland was pulled in with a boat hook but was “something ill” from the experience. Despite the storms, the hazards, the crowding and the poor food, only one Pilgrim died during the voyage – William Butten, a young servant of Dr. Samuel Fuller, counterbalanced by the single birth of a son to Stephen and Elizabeth Hopkins, who named him Oceanus. The remarkable health record, in a day when ships on such expeditions often lost half their passengers, has been attributed to the Mayflower’s never before having carried passengers. She was called a “sweet ship,” with seepage from earlier wine cargoes having impregnated the timbers and sterilized the hold.

After long beating at sea, they fell with that land which is called Cape Cod.” Though “not a little joyful” at their landfall off what is now South Wellfleet, the Pilgrims still were a long way from establishing a colony. Shortly after sighting land on November 19th, Captain Jones headed the Mayflower south toward Virginia. By midafternoon, the ship had fallen “among the dangerous shoals and roaring breakers” of Tucker’s Terror, now known as Pollak Rip. The ship seemed in such great danger that Jones turned about to spend the night off Chatham. On the 20th, the Pilgrims sailed north to seek a fair harbor described to them by Robert Coppin, the second mate, who had been in New England waters before. They hove to off the tip of the Cape on the night of the 20th and sailed on the next morning into what is now Provincetown Harbor. An unnamed rebellious element among the passengers had no desire to spend their lives in “travailes and labours” for the Merchant Adventurers of London. They said that when they got ashore “they would use their own libertie, for none had power to command them, the patente they had being for Virginia and not New England, which belonged to another government, with which the Virginia Company had nothing to do.” Before anyone was allowed ashore, however, the Leyden Saints tried to meet the explosive situation with a formal document that laid the “first foundation of their government in this place.” As soon as it was decided to make a landing on Cape Cod, the London faction began quickly advancing the doctrine that, since the colonists were to land without a patent, every man was a law unto himself. He could live in the forest alone, work or play, fish or hunt, and do his will irrespective of the wishes of his associates. That doctrine of each person doing as he pleased so strongly appealed to the Strangers and bound servants that it threatened to divide the colony. The seditious talk, coming to Master Carver’s ears, caused him to seek the counsel of Brewster, Bradford , and Standish, the Leyden men who were the real movers of the voyage.

Seeing their colony in jeopardy, they reread a long and wise letter from their pastor in Leyden, John Robinson, suggesting that each adult male in the colony should have a voice in the government of the colony just as they had in the affairs of the church. They then prepared the “Mayflower Compact.” A bridle of some sort had to be slipped over the heads of the Londoners, a compromise being impossible as one faction was for rule, while the other stood for breach of contract and anarchy. The Compact was written on Friday, the Mayflower arrived in what is now Provincetown Harbor on Saturday, and the formal signing took place that morning. Nothing is more evident from the record than that, in drawing up the document, the Saints were merely defining what, in their circumstances, it was absolutely necessary to do. As a practical matter, the giving to every man the right of voting – the choosing of their own officers by the entire body of men , and the discussing of their affairs in town meetings – laid the foundation for a totally new system of government. It is probable that the Pilgrims, in this instance as in others, little fore saw or contemplated the momentous results of an arrangement dictated at the time by stern necessity. On November the 21st, before they came to the harbor, Bradford remarked that “observing some not well affected to unity and concord, but who gave some appearance of faction, it was thought good there should be an association and agreement that we should combine together in one body , and to submit to such government and governors, as we should by common consent agree to make and choose; and set our hands….” Among the colonists were three distinct divisions of society:  gentlemen, commoners, and servants.

On the dock you would hear Master Carver, Master Winslow, Master Hopkins, so that in addressing gentlefolks it was “Master this,” and “Master that.” But the commoners were called plain Francis Cook or Thomas Rogers or Degory Priest. Being on different social planes as they were, and yet making themselves equals in civil government, was an important innovation. Of the 41 men and servants who agreed to sign away their rights and have them returned with limitation that morning, Edward Dotey and Edward Leister, who were servants of Master Stephen Hopkins, were the last. Of the 65 men and boys on board, 25 did not sign – but they were sons of those who had given their allegiance or men too sick to do so. The Pilgrim s were a diverse agglomerate, many illiterate, but they showed an extra ordinary political maturity. They established a government by consent of the governed with just and equal laws for all. They also negotiated a treaty with the Indians which was kept scrupulously, and which assured peace to the struggling colony for more than half a century. Deeply in debt to the London Merchants who sponsored them, they worked for more than 20 years as individuals and a community to liquidate the crushing burden. They borrowed money with which to buyout the shares of the Merchants and Adventurers in 1627, and by 1645 they had paid off the entire debt at the astronomical interest rate of 45 percent.

The colonists had intended to become fishermen to meet their debts, but they never did. By early training and inclination, the leaders among them were all farmers. They tried fishing, but their little sloop proved inadequate and their nets faulty. Their profits came from farming, and they then expanded into furs, cattle dealing, and trade. In the process they established posts which later became the sites of four other settlements: Augusta on the Kennebec River in Maine, Castine on the Penobscot in Maine, Windsor on the Connecticut River in Connecticut, and Bourne on Cape Cod. All of those developments came slowly. In the meantime, it took a month after reaching Provincetown to locate the site of their first settlement at Plymouth. Bradford’s History Of Plimoth Plantation is a daily account as exciting as Robinson Crusoe and almost as inspiring as the New Testament account of the acts of the earliest Christians.   Governor Bradford called a season of thanksgiving for God’s faithfulness and bounty. The first explorers landed at Plymouth on December 21, 1620, but weather delays kept the others from seeing their new home until a week later.

It was Saturday morning, January 2nd, before a storm abated sufficiently for a working force to go ashore with felling axes to cut timbers for the common house. Governor John Carver, accompanied by Stephen Hopkins, who had been in Virginia and was familiar with the larch pines, used for foundation logs, carried a felling ax, marking the trees that were to be cut. While the two notched trees, the others began cutting them. Most of the Leyden men, farmers in their boyhood days, knew the knack of sending an ax into the heart of a tree. While the chips were flying and the sound of axes echoed through the woods, a sharp lookout was kept for savages. Myles Standish wished to set sentinels round the choppers, but there were so few men, and so much to do, that they decided to take their chances against attack. Their matchlocks stood close by with sparks in readiness. Gentlemen, commoners, and bonded servants worked side by side. Even the Elder Brewster and the gray-haired Carver worked at felling trees and cutting branches from them. Standish, too, labored with the lowliest. By noontime, a long line of men, dragging a log, came towards the clearing, their bodies bent forward and straining at every nerve. Every few moments the end of the log would strike an obstruction, or else dig its way into the ground, causing the men to stop with a jerk. Having gained their breath, they would again strive with their load until stopped by exhaustion; it was drudgery of the hardest kind, but every man had hold of the rope. Having neither horses nor oxen, they were themselves compelled to take the places of animals.

Simply to state that work on the common house began two days later, and was finished all but the thatching on January 19th, eclipses the human element – the Herculean effort involved , the devotion and death of Degory Priest, for example, who gave his every last ounce of energy to the project. Hardly had work on the common house begun when it was decided that “every man shall build his own house thinking by that course, men would make more haste than working in common.” Though there were 24 married men, only 18 had their wives with them and Mistress Dorothy May Bradford had accidentally drowned while the ship was anchored in Provincetown Harbor. There were thus fifteen single men. Since all could not build houses, the leaders divided the colonists to make 19 households, with each group expected to build a dwelling. The sites were determined by casting lots. Having completed the common house, the colonists began building a small house to be used as a storeroom for their tools and provisions. They also had to build a house for the sick. With the exception of a corncrib or barn, built just before harvesting their crop the following summer, those were the only buildings built by all hands for common use.

By the middle of February there were four family huts completed. Many of the colonists had made beginnings, but sickness prevented them from finishing. The path was littered with big and little timbers, dragged with infinite toil from the forests by men now too feeble to carry on. These lay where they had been dropped, many never to be moved by the hands that had brought them so far. With the winter came chill winds and frost; still, it was mild as winters go in New England. Unfortunately, influenza is more prevalent in such a winter and the dreadful scourge of sickness and death set in. The great sickness filled the sick house to overflowing with men, women, and children. The common house was likewise filled with beds of rough boards to keep the feeble off the clay floors. During that time, the Pilgrims and the sailors alike were struck by the “general sickness.” Nearly half of the settlers and sailors died in the cold, rainy, and snowy weather when their rations were meager, their shelter scant, and the workload more than their weakened bodies could stand. “They died sometimes two or three of a day … and … in the time of most distress there was but six or seven sound persons, who spared no pains, night or day, but with abundance of toil and hazard of their own health, fetched them wood, made them fires, dressed their meat, made their beds, washed their loathsome clothes, clothed and unclothed them.” Four entire families were wiped out, only three married couples were left unbroken, and only five of eighteen wives survived. The children fared best. The 29 single men, hired hands and servants, were hard hit with 19 of them dying. And amid their travail, “ye Indeans came skulking about them. ” Though the Indian s had done nothing harmful or threatening, except to steal a few unguarded tools in the forest, the settlers were ill at ease with the idea that unseen eyes were watching them.

The y were in the midst of a military planning conference on Friday, March 26th, when a tall brave, carrying a bow and arrow, walked boldly down the path straight toward the common house where the meeting was being held. “Welcome, English, welcome, ” he kept repeating. The Pilgrims were dumbfounded and the Indian, who said his name was Samoset, explained that he had traveled from Monhegan Island, a day’s journey by canoe to mainland and three days journey on foot to Plymouth. He astonished them more by asking for some beer. Having used up their supply, the Pilgrims gave him “strong water” and sat down to listen to his story – how the Patuxet tribe that lived in their clearing had been over helmed by the “plague” of 1617, completely wiped out except for one , the true owner of the land on which the plantation now lay. His name was Squanto and he had survived by having been kidnapped in 1614 and transported to England, where he learned to speak English even better than Samoset, who had learned what he knew of it from English explorers and fishermen at Pemaquid.  Samoset later brought Squanto and the news that the great chief Massasoit, who ruled the entire area, was coming. The arrival of the chief diverted the Pilgrims from Squanto, who was to become their best friend. Samoset disappeared from Pilgrim records and apparently went back to Maine, but Squanto stayed, “and was their interpreter, and was a special instrument sent of God for their good, beyond their expectation. He directed them how to set their corn, where to take fish, and to procure other commodities, and was also their pilot to bring them to unknown places for their profit, and never left them till he died.” By fall the Pilgrims had seven house s and four common buildings. At the common house, ready for shipping back to England, were great piles of wainscoting and clapboards, all sawed by hand and borne from the forests on the back s of the men. Their corn crop was good, though the peas were not worth harvesting. Fowl and fish were plentiful. Those who survived were all restored in health.

They had food, shelter, and peace with the Indians. It hardly seemed possible that order and plenty could come out of such misery in such a short time. For all this they were thankful. The spirit of peace and contentment prompted Governor Bradford to declare a season of thanksgiving. When the granary was under roof and the harvest safely gathered, Elder Brewster on the next Sabbath, proclaimed that beginning with the following Tuesday there would be several days of grace and feasting in accordance with the custom of harvest festivals in the North Country of England . Massasoit was invited and showed up with 90 of his people on Wednesday and stayed for four full days. The feast lasted several days longer than originally planned as the Indians ranged the woods and brought in five fat deer to prolong the merriment. They had never had such eating and drinking and would have reveled in staying all winter, but, after the noon feast on Saturday, the governor took Massasoit by the hand bidding him “Farewell.” Some of the Indians made faces at the command to depart, but the king after much talk gather ed all his subjects about him. They were escorted down to the brookside and given a salute by gun volley as they disappeared along the deer path.

The following week the ship Fortune arrived from London bringing 35 new settlers. They received an enthusiastic welcome, but the merry tunes were soon changed to graver notes when the colonist s learned the new arrivals had brought nothing but the clothes on their backs. Most of them were young lads who had sold even their extra clothing at Plymouth, England for money to enjoy the pleasures of the port. They put a fearful strain on the slender supply of food and contributed to the famine that bedeviled the colony that winter, spring, and early summer. The savage Narragansett also threatened the settlement, necessitating the building of a palisade. A wall of pine logs, eight feet high, was constructed. To the drudgery of the day was added guard duty at night. That spring, the colony was bothered by wolves coming down the path, over-running the cornfields at night, digging up the fish which had been planted to fertilize the corn with so much labor during the day. They caused so much trouble that a guard had to be set over the cornfields as well as over the palisade. By the first week in June the corn in store was exhausted and famine stared the colony in the face. The ducks, turkeys, and other wild fowl were gone, migrated for the season. One could range the shore and forests without hearing chatter. The fish, like the fowl, had also gone – to cooler and deeper water. Though ample enough in the spring and autumn months, fish were scarce in the summer. The summer days came on apace and grew hotter. A fierce drought developed. When the second week without rain went into the third, and the third into the fourth, even the Indian allies began to prophesy coming evils. On learning that the Sparrow, with a whole fleet of fishing vessels, lay at anchor 40 leagues to the north, Governor Bradford sent Winslow to try to get a supply of provisions. His utmost exertions obtained only enough to supply a little bread each day until harvest. On his return the distress had become extreme. Had it not been for the clams, alewives, and tidal crabs which they were able to take by hand, the Pilgrim s would have perished from starvation. The Indians, boasting how easy it would be to cut them off in their enfeebled condition, insulted them over their weakness; and even their ally, Massasoit, now looked on them coldly. New trials awaited the Pilgrims, requiring the fullest exercise of their prudence and firmness; and this time they arose neither from sickness, famine, nor Indian hostility, but from the misconduct of their own countrymen.  About the end of June 1622, two vessels, the Charity and the Swan, arrived at the settlement, dispatched by Thomas Weston to establish a settlement on his own private account somewhere in the neighborhood of Plymouth.

As too often happened in the colonization  of Virginia , the men sent out were mostly destitute of industriousness, economy, or principle; “so base,” to quote the words of one contemporary  in describing them, “as in all appearance not fit for an honest man’s company.” Evils hitherto avoided by the strict integrity and unyielding firmness of the Pilgrims in their dealings with the Indians were now brought upon them by the reckless, cowardly, and dishonorable behavior of this new body of settlers. Because Weston had once been among the most zealous friends of the Plymouth colonists, they thought themselves obliged to do all in their power to further his objectives. They treated the newcomers with hospitality consistent with their-slender and precarious supplies. But the self-denial which the Pilgrims imposed upon themselves was too irksome to the selfish strangers who, not satisfied with the largest allowance of flour consistent with the little store on hand, basely stole the green corn, prematurely exhausting the resources of their hosts. At length, they moved to a spot called Wessagussett, in Massachusetts Bay, where they decided to plant their colony. The Pilgrims were glad enough to see them go, but unhappily they departed only to work greater mischief at a distance. The arrival at the end of August of two other trading vessels, the Discovery and Sparrow, furnished the colonists with a welcome opportunity to obtain knives and beads to exchange with the Indians. Except for this providential supply, they would have been worse off than ever, not only having a scant store of corn for the ensuing winter but having no means of carrying on barter. The wanton and lawless conduct of Weston’s people soon produced a conspiracy between the Massachusetts and Paomet Indians to cut off the whole body of the English. On one of his expeditions in search of corn, Captain Standish had a very narrow escape from the knife of an assassin. During his absence, news reached Bradford that Massasoit was deathly ill. He sent Winslow, Hobomack (Squanto’s runner), and others to see if they could help. They did save his life and he, in gratitude, exposed the plot among the Indians to exterminate all the white settlers along the coast. Standish, with eight of the most courageous and trustworthy men at Plymouth, set out for Wessagussett and nipped the conspiracy in the bud by slitting the throats and decapitating four of the murderous ringleaders. Having broken up the confederacy by hacking it off at the top, Standish returned to Plymouth carrying with him the head of the bloodthirstiest conspirator, Wituwamat, which he set on a pike at the fort to terrorize the neighboring Indians. So deep an impression did Standish make by this bold move that the sachems involved in the plot fled to distant hiding places and the colony was delivered from further apprehension of attack.

It is regrettable that the Pilgrims were driven to such an act of summary vengeance by the misconduct of others, for their own dealings with the Indians were ever humane and conscientious. But there can be no doubt that the colonists were menaced with destruction, that Standish would have been murdered but for a providentially sleepless night, and that the ringleaders of such a plot deserved death. Thus, through manifold trials bravely met, the colony survived into the month of April 1623. April found the settlers still struggling with the same hardships and privations which had beset them at intervals ever since their landing. The whole of their corn save what was reserved for seed was exhausted, and there appeared but little prospect of any immediate relief. Since their escape from starvation seemed wholly to depend upon the success of the coming harvest, they determined upon a new course. In order to stimulate individual exertion, and “considering that every man, in a measure more or less, loveth and preferreth his own good before his neighbour’s,” it was decided that each should work for his own private benefit and not for the common good. The land was, therefore, equally divided among the colonists and they commenced their labors in the hope of an abundant return. Bradford at this point wrote in his journal the often misinterpreted passage which follows: The experience that was had in this comone course and condition, tried sundrie years, and that amongst godly and sober men, may well evince the vanitie of that conceite of Platos & other ancients, applauded by some of later times; – that ye taking away of propertie, and bringing in comunitie into a comone wealth, would make them happy and florishing; as if they were wiser then God. For this comunitie (so farr as it was) was found to breed much confusion & discontent and retard much imployment that would have been to their benefite and comforte. For ye yong-men that were most able and fitte for labor & services did repine that they should spend their time & streingth to worke for other mens wives and children without any recompence. The strong, or man of parts, had no more in devission of victails & cloaths, then he that was weake and not able to doe a quarter ye other could; this was thought injuestice….

Brighter days now dawned for the Pilgrims. They had nobly borne the trials of the first settlement and persevered despite hardships and difficulties that would have overwhelmed others whose faith and patience were less deeply rooted. And their noble endurance was, at length, appreciated by the Company in England, which wrote , “Let it not be grievous to you, that you have been instruments to break the ice for others who come after with less difficulty. The honour shall be yours to the -world’s end.” Although Pastor Robinson himself was prevented from entering the promised land, a large number of the Leyden exiles eventually found the means to join their brethren at Plymouth and to take part in the success of that enterprise which had been undertaken in prayers and tears, and carried out at the cost of such toil, suffering, and mortality. The work they had proposed to themselves at Leyden, “to lay a foundation for the kingdom of Christ in these remote parts of the world,” was accomplished. They had no further ambition, for their treasure was in heaven; nor, with their simplicity of heart and singleness of aim, could they foresee the acclaim destined to clothe their names with glory , nor the extent of the great Republic that would commemorate them by perpetuating their festival of Thanksgiving. The Pilgrims left no doubt about their preference of God’s way, that of individual responsibility in enterprise over communal ownership and control. Would that their spirit were dominant today! The world hath need of it. •

(This article was written by the late Andrew Lane in 1976)

Camp Constitution wishes all a Happy Thanksgiving

 

Stop the Lock Downs: The Great Barrington Declaration

 

Camp Constitution is helping to make people aware of the Great Barrington Declaration as left-wing governors and mayors are determined to destroy both our liberties and economy.

The Great Barrington Declaration – As infectious disease epidemiologists and public health scientists we have grave concerns about the damaging physical and mental health impacts of the prevailing COVID-19 policies, and recommend an approach we call Focused Protection.

Coming from both the left and right, and around the world, we have devoted our careers to protecting people. Current lockdown policies are producing devastating effects on short and long-term public health. The results (to name a few) include lower childhood vaccination rates, worsening cardiovascular disease outcomes, fewer cancer screenings and deteriorating mental health – leading to greater excess mortality in years to come, with the working class and younger members of society carrying the heaviest burden. Keeping students out of school is a grave injustice.

Keeping these measures in place until a vaccine is available will cause irreparable damage, with the underprivileged disproportionately harmed.

Fortunately, our understanding of the virus is growing. We know that vulnerability to death from COVID-19 is more than a thousand-fold higher in the old and infirm than the young. Indeed, for children, COVID-19 is less dangerous than many other harms, including influenza.

As immunity builds in the population, the risk of infection to all – including the vulnerable – falls. We know that all populations will eventually reach herd immunity – i.e.  the point at which the rate of new infections is stable – and that this can be assisted by (but is not dependent upon) a vaccine. Our goal should therefore be to minimize mortality and social harm until we reach herd immunity.

The most compassionate approach that balances the risks and benefits of reaching herd immunity, is to allow those who are at minimal risk of death to live their lives normally to build up immunity to the virus through natural infection, while better protecting those who are at highest risk. We call this Focused Protection.

Adopting measures to protect the vulnerable should be the central aim of public health responses to COVID-19. By way of example, nursing homes should use staff with acquired immunity and perform frequent PCR testing of other staff and all visitors. Staff rotation should be minimized. Retired people living at home should have groceries and other essentials delivered to their home. When possible, they should meet family members outside rather than inside. A comprehensive and detailed list of measures, including approaches to multi-generational households, can be implemented, and is well within the scope and capability of public health professionals.

Those who are not vulnerable should immediately be allowed to resume life as normal. Simple hygiene measures, such as hand washing and staying home when sick should be practiced by everyone to reduce the herd immunity threshold. Schools and universities should be open for in-person teaching. Extracurricular activities, such as sports, should be resumed. Young low-risk adults should work normally, rather than from home. Restaurants and other businesses should open. Arts, music, sport and other cultural activities should resume. People who are more at risk may participate if they wish, while society as a whole enjoys the protection conferred upon the vulnerable by those who have built up herd immunity.

On October 4, 2020, this declaration was authored and signed in Great Barrington, {Massachusetts} United States, by:

Dr. Martin Kulldorff, professor of medicine at Harvard University, a biostatistician, and epidemiologist with expertise in detecting and monitoring infectious disease outbreaks and vaccine safety evaluations.

Dr. Sunetra Gupta, professor at Oxford University, an epidemiologist with expertise in immunology, vaccine development, and mathematical modeling of infectious diseases.

Dr. Jay Bhattacharya, professor at Stanford University Medical School, a physician, epidemiologist, health economist, and public health policy expert focusing on infectious diseases and vulnerable populations.